k8s部署kafka集群
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k8s部署kafka集群

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前言

本次的目的是通过使用k8s搭建一个三节点的kafka集群,因为kafka集群需要用到存储,所以我们需要准备三个持久卷(Persistent Volume) 简称就是PV。

创建zk-pv

首先通过nfs创建三个共享目录

mkdir -p /data/share/pv/{kafka01,kafka02,kafka03}

分别对应三节点zk集群中的三个pod的持久化目录,创建好目录之后编写yaml创建kafka-pv.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: k8s-pv-kafka01
  namespace: tools
  labels:
    app: kafka
  annotations:
    volume.beta.kubernetes.io/storage-class: "mykafka"
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 10Gi
  accessModes:
  - ReadWriteOnce
  hostPath:
    path: /data/share/pv/kafka01
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Recycle
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: k8s-pv-kafka02
  namespace: tools
  labels:
    app: kafka
  annotations:
    volume.beta.kubernetes.io/storage-class: "mykafka"
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 10Gi
  accessModes:
  - ReadWriteOnce
  hostPath:
    path: /data/share/pv/kafka02
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Recycle
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: k8s-pv-kafka03
  namespace: tools
  labels:
    app: kafka
  annotations:
    volume.beta.kubernetes.io/storage-class: "mykafka"
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 10Gi
  accessModes:
  - ReadWriteOnce
  hostPath:
    path: /data/share/pv/kafka03
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Recycle
---

使用如下命令创建kafka-pk

kubectl create -f kafka-pv.yaml

出现如下提示就代表创建成功

image-20200726133512679

这是我们可以通过如下命令去查看创建成功的pv

kubectl get pv -o wide

image-20200726131248218

创建Kafka集群

我们选择使用statefulset去部署kafka集群的三节点,并且使用刚刚创建的pv作为存储设备。

kafka.yaml

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: kafka-hs
  namespace: tools
  labels:
    app: kafka
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 9092
    name: server
  clusterIP: None
  selector:
    app: kafka
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: kafka-cs
  namespace: tools
  labels:
    app: kafka
spec:
  selector:
    app: kafka
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - name: client
    port: 9092
    nodePort: 19092
---
apiVersion: policy/v1beta1
kind: PodDisruptionBudget
metadata:
  name: kafka-pdb
  namespace: tools
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: kafka
  minAvailable: 2
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: kafka
  namespace: tools
spec:
  serviceName: kafka-hs
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: kafka
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: kafka
    spec:
      affinity:
        podAntiAffinity:
          requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
            - labelSelector:
                matchExpressions:
                  - key: "app"
                    operator: In
                    values:
                    - kafka
              topologyKey: "kubernetes.io/hostname"
        podAffinity:
          preferredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
             - weight: 1
               podAffinityTerm:
                 labelSelector:
                    matchExpressions:
                      - key: "app"
                        operator: In
                        values:
                        - zk
                 topologyKey: "kubernetes.io/hostname"
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 300
      containers:
      - name: kafka
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/jaxzhai/k8skafka:v1
        resources:
          requests:
            memory: "1Gi"
            cpu: 500m
        ports:
        - containerPort: 9092
          name: server
        command:
        - sh
        - -c
        - "exec kafka-server-start.sh /opt/kafka/config/server.properties --override broker.id=${HOSTNAME##*-} \
          --override listeners=PLAINTEXT://:9092 \
          --override zookeeper.connect=zk-0.zk-hs.tools.svc.cluster.local:2181,zk-1.zk-hs.tools.svc.cluster.local:2181,zk-2.zk-hs.tools.svc.cluster.local:2181 \
          --override log.dir=/var/lib/kafka \
          --override auto.create.topics.enable=true \
          --override auto.leader.rebalance.enable=true \
          --override background.threads=10 \
          --override compression.type=producer \
          --override delete.topic.enable=true \
          --override leader.imbalance.check.interval.seconds=300 \
          --override leader.imbalance.per.broker.percentage=10 \
          --override log.flush.interval.messages=9223372036854775807 \
          --override log.flush.offset.checkpoint.interval.ms=60000 \
          --override log.flush.scheduler.interval.ms=9223372036854775807 \
          --override log.retention.bytes=-1 \
          --override log.retention.hours=168 \
          --override log.roll.hours=168 \
          --override log.roll.jitter.hours=0 \
          --override log.segment.bytes=1073741824 \
          --override log.segment.delete.delay.ms=60000 \
          --override message.max.bytes=1000012 \
          --override min.insync.replicas=1 \
          --override num.io.threads=8 \
          --override num.network.threads=3 \
          --override num.recovery.threads.per.data.dir=1 \
          --override num.replica.fetchers=1 \
          --override offset.metadata.max.bytes=4096 \
          --override offsets.commit.required.acks=-1 \
          --override offsets.commit.timeout.ms=5000 \
          --override offsets.load.buffer.size=5242880 \
          --override offsets.retention.check.interval.ms=600000 \
          --override offsets.retention.minutes=1440 \
          --override offsets.topic.compression.codec=0 \
          --override offsets.topic.num.partitions=50 \
          --override offsets.topic.replication.factor=3 \
          --override offsets.topic.segment.bytes=104857600 \
          --override queued.max.requests=500 \
          --override quota.consumer.default=9223372036854775807 \
          --override quota.producer.default=9223372036854775807 \
          --override replica.fetch.min.bytes=1 \
          --override replica.fetch.wait.max.ms=500 \
          --override replica.high.watermark.checkpoint.interval.ms=5000 \
          --override replica.lag.time.max.ms=10000 \
          --override replica.socket.receive.buffer.bytes=65536 \
          --override replica.socket.timeout.ms=30000 \
          --override request.timeout.ms=30000 \
          --override socket.receive.buffer.bytes=102400 \
          --override socket.request.max.bytes=104857600 \
          --override socket.send.buffer.bytes=102400 \
          --override unclean.leader.election.enable=true \
          --override zookeeper.session.timeout.ms=6000 \
          --override zookeeper.set.acl=false \
          --override broker.id.generation.enable=true \
          --override connections.max.idle.ms=600000 \
          --override controlled.shutdown.enable=true \
          --override controlled.shutdown.max.retries=3 \
          --override controlled.shutdown.retry.backoff.ms=5000 \
          --override controller.socket.timeout.ms=30000 \
          --override default.replication.factor=1 \
          --override fetch.purgatory.purge.interval.requests=1000 \
          --override group.max.session.timeout.ms=300000 \
          --override group.min.session.timeout.ms=6000 \
          --override inter.broker.protocol.version=0.10.2-IV0 \
          --override log.cleaner.backoff.ms=15000 \
          --override log.cleaner.dedupe.buffer.size=134217728 \
          --override log.cleaner.delete.retention.ms=86400000 \
          --override log.cleaner.enable=true \
          --override log.cleaner.io.buffer.load.factor=0.9 \
          --override log.cleaner.io.buffer.size=524288 \
          --override log.cleaner.io.max.bytes.per.second=1.7976931348623157E308 \
          --override log.cleaner.min.cleanable.ratio=0.5 \
          --override log.cleaner.min.compaction.lag.ms=0 \
          --override log.cleaner.threads=1 \
          --override log.cleanup.policy=delete \
          --override log.index.interval.bytes=4096 \
          --override log.index.size.max.bytes=10485760 \
          --override log.message.timestamp.difference.max.ms=9223372036854775807 \
          --override log.message.timestamp.type=CreateTime \
          --override log.preallocate=false \
          --override log.retention.check.interval.ms=300000 \
          --override max.connections.per.ip=2147483647 \
          --override num.partitions=1 \
          --override producer.purgatory.purge.interval.requests=1000 \
          --override replica.fetch.backoff.ms=1000 \
          --override replica.fetch.max.bytes=1048576 \
          --override replica.fetch.response.max.bytes=10485760 \
          --override reserved.broker.max.id=1000 "
        env:
        - name: KAFKA_HEAP_OPTS
          value : "-Xmx1G -Xms1G"
        - name: KAFKA_OPTS
          value: "-Dlogging.level=INFO"
        volumeMounts:
        - name: datadir
          mountPath: /var/lib/kafka
        readinessProbe:
          exec:
           command:
            - sh
            - -c
            - "/opt/kafka/bin/kafka-broker-api-versions.sh --bootstrap-server=localhost:9092"
      securityContext:
        runAsUser: 1000
        fsGroup: 1000
  volumeClaimTemplates:
  - metadata:
      name: datadir
      annotations:
        volume.beta.kubernetes.io/storage-class: "mykafka"
    spec:
      accessModes: [ "ReadWriteOnce" ]
      resources:
        requests:
          storage: 10Gi

使用kubectl apply -f kafka.yaml部署

image-20200726133616334

可以通过kubect get pods -n tool

image-20200726132035822

可以查看到三个pod都是running状态了,我们再看service状态 可以通过kubect get svc -n tool

image-20200726133839263

可以看到我们将9092端口通过nodePort映射给了19092暴露出去了。

验证Kafka集群是否启动成功

我们可以通过kubectl exec -it kafka-1 -n tools /bin/bash 进入容器

image-20200726134446855

创建topic成功 代表我们kafka集群部署成功!!!